The Fate of Ali Addullah Saleh wasn’t any better than that of Gaddafi, both dictators died in horrific manner.
On March, 2015 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia launched a military intervention along its allies in Yemen after fears have risen from how the Houthis were making in the war that broke in Yemen.
The Houthis have seized major areas in Yemen including the Capital, such advances were feared by the Saudi’s. The political turmoil and internal upheavals that was taking place inside Yemen and had escalated into war wasn’t in their interest, and from the point of view of Saudi Authorities could cause negative ramifications to the stability and security of their kingdom. The intervention aim was to halt any undesired outcomes that may arise from the ongoing war. The alliances that the Houthis has made with other powers in the region were also worrisome to the Saudi’s and their alliance.
Similar to the Iraqi army who had left their weaponry to ISIS, Yemeni army left their weaponry to the Houthis after they gained control of major cities in Yemen.
What the Saudi’s and their allies who had intervened in the conflict didn’t take into consideration was the nature of the political, ideological and social aspects within Yemen.
Yemen is dominated by two major religious sectors ‘Alshafi’i’ which represents the majority Sunni’s in Yemen, ‘Zaidi’ which represents the minority of Shiites in Yemen.
An article on ‘Qantara’ states that the people of Yemen lived peacefully alongside each other over the centuries. To the point that religious scholars and historians described the Zaidi’s as ‘Sunni Shiite’, due to their closeness to the Sunni’s, in addition the ‘AlShafi’i’ group is acknowledged as centrist and moderate. The article also adds that over the centuries their was unwritten division of roles, the minority Zaidi were at the top of the hierarchy of politics and military, where the majority of Shafi’i people went into trade, finance and business, but they were present to a large extent in the bureaucracy body of the government because they were more experienced, educated and cultured.
According to one writer conflict in Yemen is entangled with clan and political interests, where the social is linked with ideology, leading therefore to the appearance of the regional interests. The clan sheikhs don’t accept to be ruled by Hashemites.
Yemen like many countries that had been torn between several powers fighting for dominance and influence in their regions and beyond, had its own share of something similar to proxy wars in the past.
Michael Horton claims that previous interventions of Arabs in Yemen didn’t end well and had left those who had intervened in Yemen defeated as he mentions ‘Yemen is an abyss for invaders.’ He goes on to say that Yemen had revealed the weakness of those leading the current intervention in Yemen to their opponents. The continuation of the war has not only had negative consequences on Yemen, its people but also on all the groups that are engaged in this war.
Several groups are fighting over power in Yemen with each side having their own international allies, and the major losers in this war are the people of Yemen.
As many have mentioned the objectives of this war if it was to weaken the Houthis wasn’t achieved and instead has led to a great suffering, catastrophe and destruction. The condition of the people of Yemen had worsened, and the scale of human suffering and had dire consequences of the war on the civilian population is something that requires from all those who are engaged in this war to find means to alleviate this from over the innocent people. Vast number of lethal illnesses erupted in the country, people went into starvation, and shortages of food, water and medicine were reported nationwide. News outlets, reports and articles indicate that Yemen is on the brink of famine.
Yemen problems in the past were not only limited to the political instability, but it was also lagging behind most countries economically and suffers from water shortages; it is forecasted that Yemen will be one of the first countries in the world to run out of water in the near future. After the war the country has slid further into a humanitarian disaster and the ones who have paid the highest price for the continuation of the war are the innocent citizens.
The major questions now are: What does the future hold for Yemen? How can this war be ended without further destruction of Yemen and suffering of Yemini people?